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SURAH 49 : Al-Hujurât

 

1.         O Jamaat-ul-Momineen!  (The foremost and fundamental conditions for the universal revolution for which you have risen as harbingers, is to maintain complete discipline in your ranks and personal life.  For this keep in mind that)  Unless you receive a directive from the centre of the Divine Order, do not take any steps on your own.  Always wait to receive its directive.  Guard the Divine Laws under all circumstances.  Remember Allah is All-hearing, All-knowing.  (Hence any decision taken according to His Laws, will certainly be the best.)

 2.         And keep your views subservient to the central authority.  Do not let your voice rise above that of the Nabi;  and during the course of consultations, do not create a noisy atmosphere in order to make your suggestion prevail, like you do when talking to each other.  In so doing your deeds will go to waste, without you ever being aware of it.  (This will be the inadvertent consequence of your attitude.)

 3.         Verily Allah cleanses and purifies the hearts of those who keep their views subservient to the Centre.  (They wholeheartedly obey the laws.)  He keeps them safe from destruction and bestows great rewards upon them.

 4.         And when some uncultured people come to see you they start shouting for you from outside your house. (They ignore the demands of collective discipline and even normal social etiquette.) 

 5.         They should wait for you to come out of the house (then they can say whatever they want to, with dignity and respect).  This attitude would be much better for them.  Nevertheless (since these people unknowingly do such things out of ignorance, not meaning any disrespect) Allah Almighty forgives this attitude and makes provisions to not only protect them, but to also provide for their development.

 6.         O Rasool! Tell your companions, "If any deviant person comes to you with a (slanderous) tale, do not immediately accept it.  First ascertain it, lest you unwittingly take a step which brings harm to someone; and then regret what you have done.

 7.         (Remember, you are no longer living a life of indiscipline and disorder.  Now you are under collective discipline and order and have a system with its own central authority and) Allah's Rasool is living amongst you.  All issues must be referred to him and you should act according to whatever decision he gives.  Do not expect that he will accept or comply with whatever you say.  If he starts doing so it will surely create disorder and cause you trouble.  Allah Almighty wants that you stay firm in your faith and embellish your hearts with it.  (This can be done practically by willingly obeying Divine Laws and keeping your own ideas subservient to them.)  Allah does not want you to  deny His Laws or select some other course and rebel against His Order.  Remember! Those who adopt a righteous way of life with firm faith shall stay away from disbelief and rebellion.  These are the people who are on the rightly guided path.

 8.         As a result they will receive all kinds of comforts, bounties and pleasures of life. Remember that whatever Allah commands is based on His absolute knowledge and wisdom.

 9.         Whenever (unfortunately) two groups of Momineen fight one another, immediately make peace between them.  If one of the two groups again commits aggression against the other, you should (not be indifferent but) fight the transgressors until they return to the decision made earlier according to the Divine Law.  Thereafter if they do return, make just and fair peace between them.  Always be just as according to Divine Laws this attribute is highly commendable.

 10.       (While dealing with such matters remember that)  All Momineen are brethren and as such when making peace between them, consider both as your brothers.  Your decision should be just and fair, according to the Divine Laws.  In this way your Jamaat will continue receiving Allah's Rahmat.

 11.       (Sometimes due to mutual differences you are overpowered with feelings of dislike and hatred.  In such situations do not indulge in detestable actions.  For instance) One faction starts ridiculing the other and tries belittling them.  It is quite possible that those being ridiculed might be better than the members of your own party.  Neither your men nor women should show such behaviour; nor should you scandalize one another; nor be sarcastic and call offensive names.  After professing Eiman you are expected to exhibit exemplary behaviour.  You should not address one another  illmanneredly.  This is very offensive.  If someone has acted like that he should immediately regret it and stop this attitude.  If he does not do so, according to the Divine Law he would be considered guilty.

 12.       (When mutual differences arise, mischievous people take advantage and tell tales to both parties.  In this regard you should be very careful.  Have positive feelings and) Avoid ill feelings against others.  Furthermore some ill feelings slacken or dull goodwill.  And do not eavesdrop or  backbite against one another.  Would any one of you like to eat the flesh of a dead brother? You would abhor it!  (Backbiting is that detestable.)

             In short, always remain conscious of the Divine Laws.  If you have committed a mistake somewhere, then correct yourself by being ashamed of it.  In this way the Divine Law will forgive your slips and ensure that the development of your self does not suffer.

 13.       (The above social evils have been mentioned because some people consider themselves superior and try to belittle others.  This attitude is also prevalent in other walks of life.   For instance, men think that they are superior to women; or that certain families are more respectable than others.  Both these concepts are wrong.)  We have created humans in a manner that all of them are formed from a male and female (meaning that in every child, whether male or female, there is a portion of a man and a woman.  It is therefore incorrect to presume that men are superior to women; or that women as human beings are different from men).  As regards various families or tribes, the objective (of different distinctions) is that you should be able to recognize each other.  No tribe or family is superior to the other.  According to the Divine Law the criteria to determine status or superiority is how closely and consciously one follows and guards the Divine Laws?  And Who obeys Him more?  The one whose whole life is in conformity with this criteria is most worthy of respect.  The person may either be man or woman, or from any family or tribe.  The criteria for superiority is not race or status, but personal character and behaviour.  This is being told by the Almighty, Who knows well what superiority means and how it is earned. 

14.              (Even the factor determining the status of those entering the Islamic Order will be based on this very criteria.  For instance)  The Bedouins say, "We profess Eiman.  Consider us among the Momineen.”  Tell them, "You have not yet attained the status of a Momin.  You have only surrendered (outwardly) to the authority of the Islamic State, but Eiman has not entered deep into your hearts.  However if you continue obeying the Divine System which has been established by the Rasool, you will receive full reward of your deeds.  Not even the smallest of your deeds will go waste; and like every one else you will continue receiving means of nourishment and protection from this system." 

15.       The Momineen are those who profess Eiman in Allah and His Rasool (after pondering over it) in a way that there remains no doubt in their minds whatsoever; and they make continuous efforts and strive hard to establish and strengthen this Order.  They spend their wealth and if the occasion demands give their lives for this purpose.  These people are true to their commitment.

 16.       (The touchstone of the truthfulness of Eiman is the human deed.  Tell them (the people who only talk and do not work accordingly), "Do you want to convince Allah just by talking that you are extremely obedient and firm in faith?  Remember, Allah knows everything that exists in the heavens and on earth.  He is well aware of everything."

 17.       (O Rasool!) Then these people talk as if they have done you a favour by accepting Islam. Tell them, "Do not claim any favour on me.  In fact this is Allah's beneficence upon you that He has guided you to to Eiman.  Thus, if you are really serious and true in your claim, it is demanded that you express open gratitude to Allah, rather than claim any favour on me."

 18.       Tell them that your saying so or reminders do not make any difference, for Allah knows the hidden realities and secrets of the entire universe.  How can your deeds remain hidden from him? He sees all what you do.   The result of every action is compiled according to His Law of Mukafat